Introduction :Yoga is essentially a spiritual discipline based on an extremely subtle science, which focuses on bringing harmony between mind and body. It is an art and scince of healthy living. The word ‘Yoga’ is derived from the Sanskrit root ‘Yuj’, meaning ‘to join’ or ‘to yoke’ or ‘to unite’.
What is the basic philosophy of yoga?
The main philosophy of yoga is simple: mind, body, and spirit are all one and cannot be clearly separated.
What are the roots of yoga explain briefly its history?
The practice of Yoga was started during the Indus-Sarasvati civilization in Northern India over 5,000 years ago. It was first mentioned in Rig Veda, a collection of texts that consisted of rituals, mantras, and songs which was mainly used by Brahmans, the Vedic priests.
Why is yoga a philosophy?
Yoga is a dualist philosophy, working with two fundamental realities: purusha, meaning “pure consciousness,” and prakriti, meaning “matter.” Every living being is a form of connection of these two realities and every living being is considered a union of body and mind.
Who is the founder of yoga philosophy?
The correct answer is Patanjali. Yoga Sutras are considered to serve as the basis of yogic techniques. Maharishi Patanjali is also known as “The Father of Yoga”. He had compiled 195 sutras, which serve as a framework for integrating Yoga into the daily routine and leading an ethical life.
What are the five major principles of yoga?
Keeping in mind the lifestyle needs of the modern men and women, Swamiji synthesized the ancient wisdom of yoga into five basic principles, namely:
- Proper Exercise – Āsana.
- Proper Breathing – Prāṇāyāma.
- Proper Relaxation – Śavāsana.
- Proper Diet – Vegetarian.
- Positive Thinking & Meditation – Vedānta & Dhyāna.
What is one of the most important objectives during yoga?
The ultimate goal of Yoga is to know one’s self within and bring union between the individual self (Atman) and Universal Consciousness (Parmatman), to attain liberation (Moksha or Kaivalya) from cares and anxieties, pains and sufferings of worldly life and enjoy Truth-Knowledge-Bliss-Absolute.
What are the five elements in yoga?
In Ayurveda, the sister science of yoga and one of the oldest medical systems still practiced today, those five elements are prithvi (earth), jal (water), agni (fire), vayu (air), and akasha (ether or space).
Which is the first element of yoga?
Yama is the first element of Astanga yoga. Through the practice of Yama one can abstain from doing things that keep one’s mind involved in the inevitable struggle for survival. One can remain away from violence. Yama consists of five moral codes of conduct .
Is yoga a religion or philosophy?
Is yoga a religion or philosophy? Although yoga has its roots in religion it’s not in itself a religion and is better understood as a spiritual practice. However, yoga has a strong philosophy – the philosophy that the spirit, the mind and the body are one.