Which two rotator cuff muscles laterally rotate the arm at the shoulder?

The supraspinatus produces about the first 15 degrees of motion. After that, your deltoid and trapezius muscles take over. Infraspinatus is the main muscle responsible for lateral rotation of your arm away from the centerline of your body.

What muscles laterally rotate the shoulder?

The infraspinatus and teres minor both aid in lateral, or external, rotation of the arm at the shoulder.

Which muscles will laterally rotate the arm at the shoulder joint?

The teres minor is deep to the deltoid muscle. As a rotator cuff muscle, the teres minor stabilizes the ball-and-socket glenohumeral joint by helping hold the humeral head (ball) into the shallow glenoid cavity of the scapula (socket). The teres minor also laterally, or externally, rotate the arm at the shoulder joint.

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How many rotator cuff muscles laterally rotate the arm?

All four rotator cuff muscles work together to centralize your humerus bone in the shoulder joint. When you lift your arm up, your rotator cuff muscles pull the joint together, stabilizing your shoulder.

Which 2 rotator cuff muscles share the actions of adduction and lateral rotation?

The top arm in gomukasana (cow’s face pose) is also in lateral rotation. Teres minor goes with infraspinatus in the same way that teres major goes with the lats. The two muscles share the same actions and therefore the teres minor acts as an assistant to its larger counterpart, the infraspinatus.

What muscle can both medially and laterally rotate the shoulder?

Figure 7.28.

The deltoid, the thick muscle that creates the rounded lines of the shoulder is the major abductor of the arm, but it also facilitates flexing and medial rotation, as well as extension and lateral rotation. The subscapularis originates on the anterior scapula and medially rotates the arm.

What are the four rotator cuff muscles?

Each one of these muscles is part of the rotator cuff and plays an important role:

  • Supraspinatus. This holds your humerus in place and keeps your upper arm stable. …
  • Infraspinatus. This is the main muscle that lets you rotate and extend your shoulder.
  • Teres Minor. This is the smallest rotator cuff muscle. …
  • Subscapularis.

Which of the following laterally rotates the hip?

Like the gemellus muscles, the piriformis rotates the hip laterally. If the thigh is flexed, it also helps to abduct it.

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What are the four rotator cuff muscles quizlet?

Supraspinatus, infraspinatus,teres minor and subscapularis are known as the rotator cuff muscles. They encompass and stabilize the glenohumeral joint.

What are the two rotator cuff muscles located on the posterior aspect of the scapula that lie inferior to the spine of the scapula?

It is inferior (infra-) to the scapular spine (spinatus). The spine of the scapula separates the supraspinatus and infraspinatus, which wraps around the humerus and attaches distally to the greater tuberosity. The infraspinatus is an external rotator of the glenohumeral joint and assists in abduction of the arm.

What is external rotation shoulder?

Shoulder external rotation is when you rotate your shoulders outwards from the center of your body (check the photo below).

What is biceps Brachii?

The biceps brachii (commonly know as the biceps) locates in the anterior compartment of the arm. It works across three joints, and is able to generate movements in glenohumeral, elbow and radio-ulnar joints.

Which rotator cuff muscle attaches the lateral border of the scapula to the upper humerus?

Muscles composing rotator cuff

Muscle Origin on scapula Attachment on humerus
Infraspinatus muscle infraspinous fossa middle facet of the greater tubercle
Teres minor muscle middle half of lateral border inferior facet of the greater tubercle
Subscapularis muscle subscapular fossa lesser tubercle

Which of the following muscles comprise the lateral rotators of the rotator cuff?


  • Supraspinatus is responsible for movement away from the centerline of your body (abduction). …
  • Infraspinatus is the main muscle responsible for lateral rotation of your arm away from the centerline of your body. …
  • Teres minor is a small, narrow muscle on the back of your shoulder blade just below the infraspinatus.
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What muscles abduct the shoulder?

The primary muscles involved in the action of arm abduction include the supraspinatus, deltoid, trapezius, and serratus anterior.